2 edition of Authority, reason and discretion found in the catalog.
Authority, reason and discretion
Friedrich, Carl J.
|Statement||Carl J. Friedrich.|
|Series||The Bobbs-Merrill reprint series in the social sciences -- PS-90|
Through the process of judicial review- administrative action and discretion are checked and controlled. Judicial review ensures the legality of the administrative action and keeps the administrative authority within its bounds. The Court inquires if the administrative authority acted according to the law. Sole Discretion. The Lender may take any action or decide any matter under the terms of this Deed of Trust or of any other Loan Document (including any consent, approval, acceptance, option, election or authorization) in its sole and absolute discretion, for any reason or for no reason, unless the related Loan Document contains specific language to the contrary.
Authority and reason are "rival claimants" (p. ). "Authority as such is, from the nature of the case, dumb in the presence of argument" (p. ). Newman makes a kindred distinction between authority in revealed religion and conscience in natural religion, although he does not assign as wide a sphere to authority, and he allows to conscience. For in the sciences the authority of thousands of opinions is not worth as much as one tiny spark of reason in an individual man. Besides, the modern observations deprive all former writers of any authority, since if they had seen what we see, they would have judged as we judge.” ― Galileo Galilei, Frammenti e lettere.
Police discretion allows law enforcement officials to effectively make decisions in the field when no clear-cut solution is illuminated by law or a handbook. This trend in police work has many advantages such as allowing officers the flexibility to handle each situation in a manner that best fits its individual needs. Discretion in Decision Making. Discretion is the power or right to make official decisions using reason and judgment to choose from among acceptable alternatives.. Legislatures, the president and the governors of the various states, trial and appellate judges, and administrative agencies are among the public officers and offices charged with making discretionary decisions in the discharge of.
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Authority, reason, and discretion was published in Authority and Social Work on page Originally published inthis book examines the influence of reason and authority upon English thought in the eighteenth century. The text relates these two concepts to movements in religious and political thought, beginning with Locke's views on faith and reason before going through various areas and finishing with the beginnings of by: Authority cannot simply be regarded as a right to rule, as Robert Ladenson has claimed.
The recognitional Authority of authority, which regards authoritative utterances as reasons to believe that one has a reason to act as instructed, fails to explain why Author: Joseph Raz.
‘This power to act according to discretion for the public good, without the prescription of the law and sometimes even against it, Authority that which is called the prerogative,’ he stated in reason and discretion book Second Essay.
1 He also asserted that ‘the good of society requires that several things should be left to the discretion of him that has the executive Author: Carl J. Friedrich. It is the second in a series of three books called the Southern Reach Trilogy.
In an interview, VanderMeer stated that, "if Annihilation is an expedition into Area X, then Authority is an expedition into the Southern Reach, the agency sending in the expeditions." It was released in May Authority revolves around the operatives of the Southern Reach : Jeff VanderMeer.
Rules vs. Discretion in Authority1 Susheng Wang2 October Abstract: An organization faces a stream of random events everyday. Whether to set manage-rial rules or allow managerial discretion is a key issue in organizations.
In this paper, we inves-tigate the boundaries between rules and discretion in authority. Using an incomplete contract. Based on 20 years of research, including an examination of the papers of eight of the nine Justices who voted in Roe and DoeAbuse of Discretion is a critical review of the behind-the-scenes deliberations that went into the Supreme Court's abortion decisions and how the mistakes made by the Justices in have led to the turmoil we see today in legislation, Reviews: ‘None of the books quotes any sources or authorities for its statements, and all have pathetic indexes.’ ‘Changes of this sort would, I feel, help to establish the book as an important authority in this crucial and fast-changing field.’ ‘He was not able to produce any authority in support of his proposition.’.
Budget Authority: Authority to Obligate 2. Appropriations: Authority to Draw Money from the Treasury 3. Contract Authority: Obligations in Advance of Appropriations Administrative Discretion a.
Failure or Refusal to Exercise Discretion b. Regulations May Limit Discretion c. Insufficient Funds 7. Transfer and. Understanding discretion in modern policing Simon Bronitt and Philip Stenning* Discretion is a ubiquitous and legitimate aspect of modern policing, though its (Penguin Books, ) p 2 Lord Scarman was referring to the police’s stop and search practices which were the catalyst which sparked the Brixton riots in London in summary In The Social Authority of Reason, Philip J.
Rossi, SJ argues that the current cultural milieu of globalization is strikingly reflective of the human condition appraised by Kant, in which mutual social interaction for human good is hamstrung by our contentious “unsociable sociability.”. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books.
My library. Discretionary and rule-making authority Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Khan Academy is a (c)(3) nonprofit organization. Authority is the glue that holds together diversity and prevents units from exercising unchecked discretion.
Yet, few features of bureaucratic life have received so much adverse attention as the role of hierarchical authority as a means for achieving organizational command and control.
Discretion has the meaning of acting on one's own authority and judgment. In law, discretion as to legal rulings, such as whether evidence is excluded at a trial, may be exercised by a view discretion negatively, while some view it positively. Discretion exists at all levels of law enforcement and in many types of front-line bureaucrats.
This book explores, through a classic experiment, the horrifying lengths that pefectly ordinary people will go to in obedience to authority and how they think that authority relieves them of personal responsibility for their actions. The tragedy is that those of us like me, who have a deep suspicion of authority, will read this book/5().
In one case an authority has discretionary power to grant pensions to its officers that amounts up to two-thirds of their retiring salaries; misconstruing the scope of its powers under the statute, it thought that it had no discretion as to that amount, and for this reason it refused to award the pension at all to an officer who in its opinion.
When Prosecutors Use Their Discretion. Prosecutors may have a variety of reasons for using prosecutorial discretion. One reason that a prosecutor may decide not to file charges against a defendant is a lack of evidence.
A prosecutor has the burden to prove beyond a reasonable doubt any charges they file against a defendant, so if the evidence. Noble Cause Corruption According to Caldero and Crank (, p) noble cause is a “moral commitment to make the world a safer place.” This commitment is why most people join law enforcement agencies, and while this is an admirable goal, when the commitment to make the world a safer place becomes more important than the means to accomplish these goals, corruption may result.
Commentators such as Robert Paul Wolff have placed such questions in starker terms, considering authority to present a paradox: If legitimate authority requires people to act in ways contrary to their own judgment and if moral autonomy (i.e., the right to exercise reason on moral questions and act according to one’s reason) is a fundamental.
on Abuse of Authority. 36 By Race Police officers often treat whites better than they do African Americans and other minorities. 40 Police officers are more likely to use physical force against African Americans and other minorities than against whites in.
A bench of Justices Manmohan and Sanjeev Narula issued the direction on Patanjali's plea challenging the Ma order of the National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) holding that the company denied to its customers the benefits of reduction in Goods and Services Tax (GST) between November to March This book is a legal-theory classic on discretion.
It distinguishes discretion from ordinary personal decision making, not accountable to a set of standards or a higher authority (p.
31). Dworkin distinguishes further between “weak” (ordinary judgment) and “strong” discretion (pp. 31–32), which draws on principles and is invoked under.